According to DIN 5031, the term "optical radiation" refers to electromagnetic radiation in the wavelength range between 100 nm and 1 mm. The terms "light" and "visible radiation" (VIS) refer to the wavelength range between 400 nm and 800 nm, which can be perceived by the human eye. Optical radiation with wavelengths shorter than 400 nm is called ultraviolet (UV) radiation and is further subdivided in UV-A, UV-B and UV-C ranges. Similarly, infrared (IR) radiation covers the wavelength range above 800 nm and is subdivided in IR-A, IR-B and IR-C ranges
(DIN 5031, part 7).
Fig. II.2. Wavelength ranges of electromagnetic radiation.